[At-Large] Say Whut!

parminder parminder at itforchange.net
Sun Dec 16 16:59:03 UTC 2018

On 16/12/18 9:59 PM, Javier Rua wrote:
> 2 cents on ICANN 3.0:
> We all know, of course, that there’s no public international
> governmental organization nor international treaty, that regulates the
> global Internet. This governance occurs within the constant
> conversation between multiple players, the diversity of interest
> groups, individuals and countless parties deeply interested in the
> operation of and access to the Internet. We agree, I think, that this
> is a good thing.
> We also know there are always important forces objecting to the
> fundamentally nongovernmental and private character of Internet
> governance, and they argue that the only logical and legitimate place
> for these functions should be the United Nations (UN), or one of its
> specialized agencies, such as the International Telecommunications
> Union (ITU). 
> ICANN is a dance, a ritual, to keep these to forces in balance to
> maintain a non-fragmented Internet, as free as possible from purely
> regional or national considerations, but also duly respecting these. 
> Aware of these complexities and tensions, I think we should aspire to
> a strengthening of the current model: an at-least apparently
> “transnational”, but fundamentally non-governmental structure with a
> very specific and widely accepted mandate. It has to be an entity
> whose credibility is borne of the expert work it performs and the
> confidence generated by its policies; confidence that must be the
> result of the transparent and balanced consideration of the diversity
> of public, commercial and private interests involved, but without
> being captured by them.
> To further strengthen ICANN’s model and stability, all I would do is
> nudge it a bit to resemble the International Committee of the Red
> Cross: a private institution founded in generally understood neutral
> soil, but with some unique recognition or perhaps authority
> under public international law, that specifically recognizes and
> builds upon all of the above stated principles. 

Does ALAC leadership really want to do so? Sorry for the cynicism, but
it is not very useful to discuss and propose things when the opportune
time for them has passed, in fact just passed, like the IANA transition

No, ICANN as it is today and ICANN with UN are not the only tw  option,
and  you yourself speak of Red Cross like option. So, let me ask this
group this simple question: When some of us were fighting in the
jurisdiction sub group to  just get ICANN immunity from US jurisdiction
under US's own International Organisations Immunity Act, what was ALAC
doing? Why did it not support such a proposal, or even discuss it here
(can you believe it!!!)... That was just the - Red Cross like
institution proposal, that you now mention... And indeed the US has
given jurisdictional immunities to international organisational as
mundane as the International Fertilizer Development  Centre, and this
option actually figures in a study commissioned by ICANN itself...

Can ALAC leadership, or at least those engaged in this current debate,
explain why ALAC/they took no stand at that time, when many of us were
fighting for it, and made to look like disruptionist extremists, for
merely seeking that US gives ICANN immunity under its own law, as Red
Cross has from Switzerland state?

In the circumstances, such navel gazing as being done in this thread, in
these private times and spaces, when nothing real is  done, or perhaps
meant to be done, does not at all seem serious to me -- with apology
again for the cynicism ...

The problem with ALAC is, it simply does not understand what is it to
represent the 'outsider' to an institutional structure... Which is what
civil society formations do... ALAC does it by first asserting that it
is not civil society, but somehow represents 'individual users' (Like
Thatcher said: "there is no society", meaning there are only
individuals)... This is a funny, and certainly a politically
disingenuous distinction ... What does farmer organisations, or traders
or women's organisations do -- they also represent individuals, right,
not some  special different kind of aggregate organisms.....

Being civil society is to clearly put itself out of power structures, as
being subject to the power of these structures and not exercising them
in any meaningful way, and certainly not as is their legitimate right to
do. Once a formation places itself in such a position, it then brings to
bear a set of tools and weapons, which are special ones that those
denied due power use against those who exercise it. This is the ideal
type -- of course any instances of it vary, even varying for the sme
formation across time and space.

But ALAC likes work within a narrow penumbra of space and freedoms that
it almost fearfully allocates to itself, constantly second guessing
ICANN Board's, and behind it the US government's, comfort zones . And
why it did not even discuss the proposal for jurisdictional immunity
under the said US law  (with ICANN staying exactly as it is, and only
saved from undue US interferences which would just given us non USians a
little feel of freedom and democracy) was that it would havr made ICANN
board and the US government angry and unhappy with it... If someone has
a better reason I am all ears..


> Among these, I think the idea of the “individual Internet-end user” as
> having standing and voice in an international/supranational policy
> context is one of the great innovations and contributions of
> multistakeholderism, and as such, one that must be a founding
> principle of any ICANN 3.0.  In my view, this is on a par with the
> rise of the individual person as a subject of public international
> law, an unthinkable idea less than century ago as it is derived from
> Universal Human Rights treaties and institutions and part of the
> necessary weakening of the State-centered Westphalian model.  In this
> sense, ALAC or ALAC-like structures that exist to give non-state-bound
> Individuals a seat at the policy table must be safeguarded and
> strengthened in any future ICANN.
> Un abrazo a todos, felices fiestas y próspero año nuevo.
> Javier Rúa-Jovet
> +1-787-396-6511
> twitter: @javrua
> skype: javier.rua1
> https://www.linkedin.com/in/javrua 
> On Dec 16, 2018, at 10:35 AM, Christian de Larrinaga
> <cdel at firsthand.net <mailto:cdel at firsthand.net>> wrote:
>> What would ICANN 3.0 look like?
>> What compelling forces would drive through the changes to move ICANN 2.0
>> to ICANN 3.0? Bearing in mind that ICANN 2.0 was created because of very
>> strong interest in commercial exploitation of DNS resources.
>> With a nod to how At Large is positioned to participate in such a change
>> C
>> Carlton Samuels wrote:
>>> What is clear from reading these conversations is that most understand
>>> that ICANN is configured to at least give a nod to something we
>>> characterise as the "public interest" but resolved not to have too
>>> much of that.
>>> The tent is accommodating only to certain tolerable limits. And the
>>> institutional tendency then tilts relentlessly towards containment.
>>> We are severally agreed that we believe an ICANN 3.0 is good and
>>> necessary for institutionalising what we perceive as the public
>>> interest.
>>> We are severally agreed that the ALAC must become more strategic in
>>> aiding the birth of ICANN 3.0. This is shorthand for the institutional
>>> framework we deem appropriate to conserve the public interest and
>>> thereafter in advocating and defending the public interest as we
>>> conceive that to be.
>>> We are severally agreed that in these endeavours, there are natural
>>> allies and by the purely happy fortune of a shared objective. Our
>>> permanent interests demand that we, time to time, have friends for
>>> show and make common cause to advance our agenda.
>>> Money shalp always be an issue; we will never have an assured supply
>>> or enough of it.  So tactical choices might require some concessions
>>> to contra forces.
>>> Seems to me there is enough there there to make a move.
>>> -Carlton.
>>> On Sat, 15 Dec 2018, 2:24 pm Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond <ocl at gih.com
>>> <mailto:ocl at gih.com>
>>> <mailto:ocl at gih.com> wrote:
>>>    Dear Evan,
>>>    thank you for your kind answer to my comments. Please be so kind
>>>    to find my comments inline:
>>>    On 11/12/2018 04:06, Evan Leibovitch wrote:
>>>>    Hi Olivier,
>>>>    Before I answer your question, I want to remind others in this
>>>>    thread that I do not consider ALSs a joke. I consider the
>>>>    structure of ALAC that depends on ALSs to be wasteful, needlessly
>>>>    cumbersome, and a practical obstacle to ALAC's ability to
>>>>    credibly fulfill its bylaw mandate.
>>>>        You make several allegations. Please clarify:
>>>>    One person's observations are another's allegations :-)
>>>>    To be honest, I am pleasantly surprised at the level of
>>>>    engagement in this thread and the interest in the subject matter.
>>>>    The exercise of exposing my views such that may be suitably
>>>>    evaluated -- even if ultimately rejected -- is a source of hope.
>>>    Everyone is free to expose their views - in fact I would say,
>>>    encouraged to expose their view. I do not think that anyone has
>>>    been stopped doing this.
>>>>    I did not expect the thread to go long enough to require me to
>>>>    provide a detailed rationale or plan based on my high-level
>>>>    comments. I will offer brief answers below which I expect will
>>>>    not satisfy. Should interest exist, I would be happy to produce a
>>>>    paper -- a manifesto, if you would -- providing further detail. I
>>>>    would be even happier if others of like mind would like to
>>>>    collaborate.
>>>>    The opportunity to raise my issues and those of others at the
>>>>    Montreal mini-Summit sounds intriguing. However, I find it quite
>>>>    ironic -- and supporting my position -- that ICANN will not fund
>>>>    every ALS to attend, and that At-Large volunteers are expected
>>>>    sit in judgment of which fraction of At-Large is worthy to
>>>>    attend. I also would not want to wait until then to start this
>>>>    engagement. I would propose a series of webinars at which various
>>>>    views can be aired and discussed in open chat or email.
>>>    I do not think that any of us actually like the fact that we won't
>>>    be able to invite all interested participants to Montréal, but
>>>    that's what is currently on the table. In the current cost-cutting
>>>    climate of ICANN, given the stagnation in income and growing
>>>    operations costs, it was either this restricted summit or nothing.
>>>    I know that some have argued that we should go back to ICANN and
>>>    ask for more, so be able to bring more people to ATLAS III - yet I
>>>    can assure you that there are parts of ICANN that have significant
>>>    influence and that would oppose this - if only because the ICANN
>>>    budget now has to be ratified by the community (a "great" idea
>>>    that came from the community at CCWG IANA), which means that
>>>    whilst the Board could have exercised its executive powers in the
>>>    past to support At-Large, it now has its hands and feet tied,
>>>    risking a budget veto. So the summit is "this or nothing".
>>>    On the preparation towards ATLAS III, there are plans that a
>>>    programme of e-learning plus some Webinars and conference calls,
>>>    designed by the community, will pave the way to the Summit,
>>>    starting from January 2019.
>>>>        - overtly politicized
>>>>    As a democratic process, it has been my observation that a
>>>>    notable proportion of ALAC members achieve their position because
>>>>    they are good campaigners or are well-liked, not because they are
>>>>    best suited to serve ALAC's obligation to ICANN. I will not give
>>>>    specifics beyond that in a public forum and others are welcome to
>>>>    disagree. I will simply state at this point that when I first
>>>>    came into ALAC I detested the idea that the NomComm would choose
>>>>    one-third of ALAC; I have fully changed my mind on that, though I
>>>>    would make some changes to that process.
>>>    Welcome to democracy. You either run a (s)election process within
>>>    the community for it to appoints its representatives, or you get
>>>    an outside body to do this for you. Doing things internally might
>>>    indeed end up as a beauty contest. The risk of the outside body is
>>>    that their appointments are a hit and miss: we've had some
>>>    excellent appointments made through NomCom, just like we've also
>>>    had some where the candidate's expectations were completely
>>>    different than the reality of their tasks on the ALAC - which has
>>>    led to disappointment on all sides.
>>>>        - appears to superficial airs of importance
>>>>    Anyone who has read my writings or heard me speak, knows that I
>>>>    feel ALAC is far far too wrapped up in its processes and
>>>>    structures. How many iterations and rebirths and renames and
>>>>    wasted person-hours have been attributed to (re-)forming ALAC's
>>>>    policy working group. (I believe the most recent edition is the
>>>>    "CPWG".)
>>>    People come and go and processes remain. In my opinion, it is the
>>>    processes that we have developed over years of trial and error,
>>>    that make-up the fabric of the multistakeholder model both within
>>>    At-Large but also within ICANN. Improving these processes
>>>    unfortunately takes time.
>>>>    It is IMO an embarrassment that ALAC even has a separate policy
>>>>    committee, ALAC should *be* the policy committee and anyone who
>>>>    is not interested in policy activity shouldn't be on ALAC.
>>>    The fact is that not all volunteers participating in At-Large are
>>>    interested in, or good at, or have the knowledge to participate
>>>    effectively in Policy. The ALAC's two roles are policy & outreach
>>>    and some people both have the skills, the interest and the energy
>>>    to exclusively do outreach - and I do not see this as being a
>>>    problem at all. In fact, I find it derogatory that the only "ROI"
>>>    that is applied towards ALAC often is "how much policy work have
>>>    you done? How have you been influential in At-Large?" Many of the
>>>    people doing outreach on behalf of At-Large have done an amazing
>>>    job at demonstrating to their community that ICANN is a viable
>>>    multi-stakeholder system that can assume its missions and should
>>>    not be replaced by a UN-led initiative. So we all have our place.
>>>    I just wish that other parts of ICANN stopped their condescending
>>>    view that At-Large should only be judged on policy only. This
>>>    opens the door to failure on all counts, as ICANN's work is shared
>>>    between its technical mandate, policy definition mandate and
>>>    diplomatic efforts to keep the Internet ecosystem being run in a
>>>    multistakeholder way.
>>>>    Then there's ALAC's traditional utter terror of being assertive
>>>>    with an opinion contrary to the rest of the ICANN momentum:
>>>>    If we rock the boat, will they cut travel funding?
>>>>    If we rock the boat, will they enable an At-Large-elected Board
>>>>    member?
>>>>    If we rock the boat, will they refuse to fund ATLAS ?
>>>>    If we rock the boat, will they refuse to fund ATLAS2?
>>>>    If we rock the boat, will they refuse to fund ATLAS3?
>>>>    I cannot think of one point of time since I joined At-Large 11
>>>>    years ago where there was not one form or another of this fear,
>>>>    and its associated chilling effect on ALAC's ability to truly
>>>>    assert the public interest.y path.
>>>    To assert that we never rocked the boat is incorrect - but there
>>>    are ways to rock the boat. If it means blocking things by
>>>    obstructing processes in a non diplomatic way, the only thing that
>>>    will happen is that we'll be completely ignored altogether.
>>>    Nothing in the ICANN bylaws says that anyone has to listen to us.
>>>    In the second accountability and transparency review (ATRT2) we
>>>    fought to at least receive an acknowledgement from the Board for
>>>    our advice - something which we seldom had in the past and which
>>>    is now in the ICANN bylaws. If you are unhappy with the level of
>>>    influence the ALAC has in ICANN then complain about the ICANN
>>>    structure, where the GNSO makes policy and the ALAC produces
>>>    non-binding advice. In the past, ICANN went from ICANN 1.0 to
>>>    ICANN 2.0 when the open election process showed its limits. That
>>>    was triggered by very strong external forces across and outside
>>>    ICANN, including a number of senior people and organisations.
>>>    Perhaps is it time to look at ICANN again and turn the tables
>>>    around again, recognising the limited of the current SOAC
>>>    structure and designing something new where the end user, the
>>>    community, is again at the centre of ICANN and the decisions are
>>>    not made by parties that are deeply conflicted in that they have a
>>>    direct financial benefit from some of the policies they are
>>>    developing themselves.
>>>    But that sort of exercise would require the support of more than
>>>    just our ALAC or a sprinkling of Board members. The shift from
>>>    ICANN 1.0 to ICANN 2.0 was triggered by a feeling that ICANN was
>>>    unstable and needed some stability - and had the support of the
>>>    then CEO, some Board members, and some significant governments and
>>>    organisations that had significant influence. Today the situation
>>>    is different: most of the influential parties would say that they
>>>    are satisfied with the current structure and that it is stable -
>>>    never mind the lack of public interest, which some allege is
>>>    actually just a perception since there is no such thing as the
>>>    public interest in their eyes - it's just a set of tick-box
>>>    scenarios. So if you want to do this, then may I suggest that you
>>>    go out there campaigning with the right people, the right
>>>    governments, the right contracted parties, the right private
>>>    sector, the right technical community and the right civil society
>>>    that will accompany you in this cause. I am not saying it is
>>>    impossible - all I am saying is that this road is challenging to
>>>    follow and requires a lot of work and a lot of allies.
>>>>    Would I sacrifice ATLAS3 if ALAC could honestly and vocally
>>>>    change ICANN to follow the public interest? In a heartbeat. But I
>>>>    suspect that is a very unpopular PoV; boy do we we love our
>>>>    U-shaped tables and "for the transcript record" assertions and
>>>>    the Board actually sharing a room with us for an hour of
>>>>    uselessness at each ICANN meeting.
>>>>    (As if anyone gives a damn about the transcripts, wherever they
>>>>    are...)
>>>    C'mon Evan - some meetings of the ALAC with the Board have indeed
>>>    been terrible, and I have probably led several of these back in
>>>    the day, whereas I might have to take some blame about the
>>>    failures. But since then, the relationship with the Board has
>>>    improved a lot. However, there is this systemic hurdle which I
>>>    allude to in the above paragraphs, which means that since Board
>>>    members cannot push for things now, for fear of having a budget
>>>    rejected, or worse still, being kicked out of the Board by the
>>>    community. Wonderful community powers.
>>>>        I would disagree with the first two of your allegations and
>>>>        when it comes to the third point, I would say that you are
>>>>        missing the actual target: it is not the ALAC that is
>>>>        impotent in regard to service its bylaw mandate, it is the
>>>>        ICANN structure that puts the ALAC in a weak position as an
>>>>        advisory role that the ICANN Board can completely disregard
>>>>        and with no power whatsoever over policy processes, except
>>>>        taking part in discussions as individuals and coordinating
>>>>        the sending out of comments.
>>>>    I am specifically addressing what I call the "who the hell are
>>>>    you" phenomenon that occurs any time that ALAC expresses an
>>>>    opinion that goes against the corporate inertia. "You don't speak
>>>>    for anyone but yourselves, why should we listen to you?". This
>>>>    objection successfully stymies what little activist ALAC
>>>>    commentary actually gets produced.
>>>>    This is by design of ICANN with the acquiescence of ALAC. We
>>>>    *could* should we choose actually ask the whole world what it
>>>>    thinks is important about the DNS; instead we play futile
>>>>    diversity games that gloss over the fact that the 25 At-Largers
>>>>    in the room at ICANN meets (well, the ones that engage in policy)
>>>>    are only doing their collective best guess at the public interest.
>>>    If you want to kill your dog, declare that it has rabies. The "who
>>>    the hell are you" argument is a cheap way, used to weaken our
>>>    arguments and is a blow below the belt. Who the hell are they to
>>>    point the finger?
>>>>        Have you read the At-Large review? I see from your point
>>>>        above that you have not. I am sorry but you are just
>>>>        repeating the very words of the At-Large review. And these
>>>>        were rejected by the community, an alternative wording was
>>>>        proposed and this was accepted by the Board and now going
>>>>        into implementation.
>>>>    I don't see the current ALAC acknowledging the weakness of the
>>>>    ALS infrastructure, the lack of emphasis on public education, or
>>>>    any attempt to take ALAC beyond continuing to guess at the public
>>>>    interest.
>>>>    As others have said, the outside reviewers were ham-handed and
>>>>    ignorant of what ALAC really is or needs to be. That doesn't mean
>>>>    they couldn't accidentally be right on occasion. I don't know the
>>>>    rationale behind what they proposed but am happy to make mine.
>>>    The At-Large Review implementation document has recognised that
>>>    the reviewers were right and solutions have been proposed for
>>>    implementation - and approved by the ICANN Board.
>>>>        Second, I am utterly flabbergasted to read the point you make
>>>>        about reducing travel and investing more into virtual meeting
>>>>        technologies. You are the first person to know how terrible
>>>>        and expensive Internet connectivity is in many developing
>>>>        countries and your point is basically to promote the voice of
>>>>        developed countries at the expense of the rest of the world.
>>>>    Hardly. Tech has advanced by leaps and bounds, yet ICANN
>>>>    continues to saddle us with generations-old crap like Adobe
>>>>    Connect and Adigo. Let ALAC have more control over its choice of
>>>>    tools; give the TTF a budget to pick the best tools and have
>>>>    ICANN implement them based on the criteria we need.
>>>>    (In my own org, new generations of tools such as WebRTC and Zoom
>>>>    are particularly good with nodes of poor connectivity. Don't
>>>>    knock it till you've tried it... I have. We have other proofs of
>>>>    concept such as the ISOC InterConnect teleconference that seem
>>>>    pretty inclusive to me. And I note that at least one RALO has
>>>>    abandoned Skype in favour of WhatsApp for its internal chats.)
>>>    Judith has responded to this and she is 100% right. We now have
>>>    operational experience that the current tools used are better
>>>    suited for our purpose than alternative tools.
>>>>>        I would also concentrate ALAC activity in ONLY three areas:
>>>>        Again, exact wordings given in the At-Large review, basically
>>>>        transforming the ALAC into a free, volunteer marketing agency
>>>>        for ICANN.
>>>>    Doing public education on the dangers of DNS abuse, or the
>>>>    differences between gTLDs and ccTLDs, whether to buy defensive
>>>>    domains, or the ways to address phishing or report abuse to law
>>>>    enforcement ... constitutes marketing for ICANN?
>>>>    The main issue that ALAC needs total independence in the content
>>>>    of the education campaigns (so long as it's in scope), the
>>>>    crafting of questions on the surveys and R&D, and the analysis of
>>>>    the results of said research.
>>>>    Without such total independence you are right, it's a propaganda
>>>>    machine. But properly used it can alert the public to dangers and
>>>>    problems that ICANN might want hidden.
>>>    OK - thanks for the explanation. How do you propose this is
>>>    funded? ICANN has slashed the Global Stakeholder Engagement (GSE)
>>>    budgets. Our own additional budget request envelope has been
>>>    slashed. CROP has been slashed. Where do you propose we find the
>>>    money to do this properly?
>>>>        Evan, have your expectations of the multistakeholder system
>>>>        in ICANN fallen so low that you are giving up bringing the
>>>>        input of end users into the ICANN processes? This is the
>>>>        primary role of At-Large!
>>>>    Domain names subtract value from the Internet, speculation and
>>>>    abuse and shakedowns are rampant, the Board has claimed
>>>>    unilateral rights to the auction proceeds (the issue that started
>>>>    this tread), gaming of every process is rampant, ICANN refuses to
>>>>    play regulator, and we're headed inevitably for a new round
>>>>    before we know if the last one served the public interest.
>>>>    So actually, yeah my expectations are that low. To me these days,
>>>>    ICANN's approach to multi-stakeholderism is best described as
>>>>    "there's no such thing as conflict of interest so long as you
>>>>    declare". The inmates are running the asylum and only money
>>>>    talks. ALAC is usually too timid to assert real change, and when
>>>>    we do we get shut down for not being able to prove we speak for
>>>>    the public.
>>>>    My proposals offer an alternative path to fulfilling ICANN's
>>>>    bylaw mandate, with which I am quite familiar.
>>>    See above - I am glad to see we are starting to agree that what we
>>>    need to focus on is ICANN, not At-Large or ALAC.
>>>>        Now if you are looking at having a group that is there to
>>>>        correct fake news about ICANN, end users and the
>>>>        multistakeholder model, then why not join the At-Large Social
>>>>        Media working group?
>>>>        https://community.icann.org/display/atlarge/At-Large+Social+Media+Working+Group
>>>>        I see you are listed, but have not confirmed your membership.
>>>>    That's because someone may have volunteered me for the job but
>>>>    obviously I haven't taken it. And as I have indicated about, I
>>>>    would not participate in any communications activity that could
>>>>    not truthfully and independently protect the public against the
>>>>    consequences of ICANN policies. This WELL beyond countering fake
>>>>    news.
>>>    Welcome back, Evan! I hope you and others who are lurking on the
>>>    At-Large mailing list, including influential old timers that used
>>>    to be very active and now feel jaded... and who post every now and
>>>    then, will fully take part in the social media working group and
>>>    the consolidate policy working group - where some real work takes
>>>    place to improve our influence and defend the interests of end
>>>    users. As for ICANN 3.0 - it's only by speaking about it that we
>>>    can gain the buy-in from all parties.
>>>    It's a constant struggle to make something out of mud at the
>>>    grassroots.
>>>    Kindest regards,
>>>    Olivier
>>>    _______________________________________________
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>> -- 
>> Christian de Larrinaga
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