[At-Large] CCWG Briefings - Presentation

Seun Ojedeji seun.ojedeji at gmail.com
Sun Mar 6 02:02:17 UTC 2016

Hello Parminder,

I think something needs to be clarified here and that is the fact that in
whatever jurisdiction ICANN is, anyone could sue them for whatever reason
and it's for both parties to make their arguments.

So the question then is whether the court will give a verdict that
contradicts the existing PDP and processes defined by ICANN and it's
community. I think it is when that line is trampled upon that you and I may
cry interference. I have not seen that happen in the example you sighted, I
am open to hear specific reference that confirms otherwise.

Just as a side note, the article you referenced was written by
"DotConnectAfrica Trust" which is a party (that appears to be loosing) in
the subject matter, so you may want to consider that perspective as well.


Sent from my LG G4
Kindly excuse brevity and typos
On 5 Mar 2016 16:11, "parminder" <parminder at itforchange.net> wrote:

> On Saturday 05 March 2016 05:18 PM, parminder wrote:
> Karl
> I think I have not been able to make my proposal clear...   I do think
> that incorporation of ICANN (the same ICANN as it is) under international
> law is the best final solution, and internationalisation is not what you
> and others make it out to be. However, my current proposal was *not about
> internationalisation*, it is much simpler. (It is also *not really about an
> alternative root* - not like we know of alternative roots, this will still
> be *the ICANN root*, just physically elsewhere.)  And so I will focus on
> that in this email, and respond to issues of internationalisation later.
> The following is my current proposal, which I would think is rather easy
> to carry through.
> First of all, whatever some members of this list may think, the issue of
> possible wrongful interference of the US state in ICANN policy process
> and/or root file is VERY REAL in a lot of people's and countries' mind.
> And if a proof of such a possibility was ever needed, this is the latest
> one, hot off the courts -
> https://www.prlog.org/12539064-united-states-court-has-granted-an-interim-relief-for-dca-trust-on-africa.html
> The US courts have never hesitated to exercise US jurisdiction over
> ICANN's policy processes, and also root file (see the court proceedings on
> claims made for 'seizing' .ir as Iranian government's asset in the US). It
> is only the so called ICANN community, which like to enjoy the name of
> 'global' multistakeholder community, which consistently refuses to look at
> the facts. This when it conjures the most unlikely if not impossible of
> contingencies vis a vis all other governments of the world suddenly
> deciding to take over ICANN.. See the absurd lengths the stress test on 18
> of ICANN accountability process has been taken to. Imagining all kind of
> likelihoods  - including most unlikely ones - of how all other govs can by
> consensus misbehave...
> But why no stress test for what US state could do, when in fact no
> simulations are required when we witness US state's inappropriate
> interference in ICANN so regularly - one instance actually surfacing today
> itself..
> And a key ALAC leader Olivier responds to me by saying "....has the "US
> state" ever interfered with the ICANN/root file business, as you put it?
> You are speaking of a risk that has been shown to not exist". !!!!
> Can we simply continue be so blind like this. Whom are we fooling!..
> Someone someday will point to the emperor's non clothes, including those of
> the 'community' which seem to simply exist to legitimise US's hegemony on
> the Internet's infrastructure.
> parminder
> It has often been stressed over the last decade and more (WGIG pointed to
> it as one of the top 3 issues), and is also in principle a very legitimate
> concern. Now, unless one thinks that there is not an issue at all here
> which is at least worth seeking a solution for, there is no point in
> proceeding further. But I assume that you and most others do agree that
> there is a real issue at hand, but may think that any solution may be worse
> than the original problem. If so, let me propose a simple solution and am
> happy to hear what is so ill about it.
> 1. ICANN sets up a redundant parallel authoritative root zone in another
> country, exactly like the original one, fully under its control. It takes
> the root zone operators into confidence in this regard and all protocols
> etc get shared. (Unlike what you say, this is not a parallel root, this is
> the same root which, post transition, ICANN is supposed to fully own. It is
> just a redundant back up in another country of the working instance in the
> US. As a backup database, including one in another country, does not become
> a different database.)
> 2. A board resolution, or preferably a by-law (even a fundamental by-law
> perhaps) makes it clear that if there is any interference/ order/
> injunction from any of the branches of the US state - whether judiciary,
> legislative or executive, which purports to interfere with ICANN policy
> process and/or its maintenance of root zone, ICANN board, failing to get
> the order/ injunction vacated (about which follows), will declare the non
> US back-up root as the official operating one. This root remains under the
> ICANN as ever, and therefore is not an alternative root. Only the new
> applicable protocols, already shared, should be requested to be followed by
> the root server operators, who I understand would like to keep the root
> safe from arbitrary interference by US jurisdiction and should therefore
> cooperate.
> 3. Whenever ICANN receives such an infringing order, it will first respond
> by letting the concerned authority know that such resolution/ bylaw exists
> and therefore the order cannot be followed, and if insisted upon will
> simply result the root immediately physically moving out of the US. This
> being simply a fact, and the relevant order will have no effect other than
> to move ICANN's root - and perhaps following it, ICANN's main registration
> - outside the US, which in some ways presumably hurts US's interests, the
> concerned Us authority is fully expected to withdraw any such order. So
> like all good checks this proposed one would be effective by its very
> existence and most probably never needed to be made operational.
> And this solves a key global issue, I understand, without too much ado.
> Even the US should not be able to object to it, bec the backup is only for
> an eventuality that US claims should never come to pass. And so everyone is
> happy.
> I would like to hear your and others' comments on this proposal.
> parminder
> On Sunday 28 February 2016 11:34 AM, Karl Auerbach wrote:
> On 2/27/16 2:45 AM, parminder wrote:
> I disagree with Karl that California remains the best jurisdictional bet...
> That's sensible.  I'm often wrong.  ;-)
> My point was less to advocate California than to reflect that there will
> be no jurisdiction that will be perfect bliss and beauty.   And that
> jumping from one frying pan to another will not really solve problems as
> much as merely shift them into new forms while, at the same time, causing a
> whole lot of effort, trouble, and risk as the jump is made.
> I understand the concern about US hegemony.
> But take heart, even those of us in the US feel locked out.
> I am a person who is pretty close to the topmost point of that hegemony -
> I'm a California techie (been part of what would become the internet since
> about 1968), am a California attorney, have written full internet
> standards, participated in the creation of ICANN and have been a member of
> its board of directors.
> So do I have influence?   No.  So I can well understand that others who
> are in less privileged positions than I would feel resentment and anger.
> However, the road you are asking us to follow is a road that involves the
> creation of what is essentially a new international body.   Where is the
> legitimacy of this body going to come from?  I fear that an effort to come
> to terms over this will result in something as egregious as the TPP.
> And how are the massive assets of ICANN (contracts, money, etc) going to
> be moved without the willing consent of a lot of third parties.
> Moreover, your road seems to involve what has been called a competing or
> alternative DNS root.  I'm not afraid of competing roots - in fact I think
> they are a good idea.  But many people are extremely (and not unreasonably)
> fearful of what could happen if the older roots - which will continue to be
> used (there is a lot of inertia) - and the new one begin to develop
> inconsistencies.
> Moreover, the root server operators are an mostly independent operators -
> they have not obligation to accept what ICANN, or anyone else, publishes as
> a root zone file.  Nor are they under any obligation to not alter that root
> zone file.  They have not done so, but that is the result of their desire
> to act with extreme caution rather than legal compulsion.  We owe a lot to
> the root server operators.  They deployed anycast servers on their on
> initiative without the consent, and even despite the consent, of ICANN.  Do
> we really want to work against a group who has perhaps done more to assure
> the stability of DNS than anyone?
> The point of my notes is that we should fix ICANN and do so in a way that
> follows well known, and widely accepted, methods.   ICANN was intentionally
> designed to be distant and unaccountable - deals were struck (and remain
> secret to this day) when the law firm that created ICANN was pushing
> "newco" through the US Dep't of Commerce.
> There is a lot of room to fix the existing ICANN.  We can reshape it to
> have a real membership structure, with real voters rather than artificial
> ones being proposed.  And we can change ICANN's organic documents - its
> Articles and Bylaws - to require that certain issues receive supermajority
> votes on the board, to remove the President from his ex-officio seat on the
> board (the damage that that has caused over the years is significant),
> etc.  As I mentioned previously, take a look at what we (Boston Working
> Group) proposed back in 1998 -
> http://cavebear.com/bwg/submission-letter.html
> The new proposals have a lot of good ideas.  I jump up and applaud changes
> to the Articles/Bylaws that better channel the decision making of the board
> of directors and require special procedures for certain matters.  I agree
> with the general notion of allowing members to have certain powers and
> rights - I just find that what is being proposed is redundant to, and
> inferior to, what is already available under California law.
>                 --karl--
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