[At-Large] [lac-discuss-en] They're out of IPv4 Addresses!

Salanieta T. Tamanikaiwaimaro salanieta.tamanikaiwaimaro at gmail.com
Sat Sep 15 20:33:41 UTC 2012

On Sun, Sep 16, 2012 at 8:11 AM, Carlton Samuels
<carlton.samuels at gmail.com>wrote:

> Hi Sala:
> You misinterpret my skepticism as denial. Wrong.
> Apologies on the misinterpretation :(

> I'm there with you on all the facts you quote.  Yes too, on all the trends
> you finger. My skepticism is born of the big 'the sky is falling'  hoopla.
>  And an analysis that is predicated on immediate and/or imminent scarcity.
>  [Scarcity as in demand driven!]
> For the last several years, I've studiously followed the ARIN policy
> discussions.  Its only after you see the details and couple that to a few
> other facts that it jumps out at ya; the details just don't support the
> great alarm hurry-up-and-do-this.  Look critically at some of the data in
> context of where access and demand  are growing; Africa and Asia.  Then
> have another think.
> My personal views are that transitions will no doubt cost and that proper
> efficient planning will actually help save costs.

> No, we will not have a collapse anytime soon.  No, I doubt if IPv4
> addresses will ever be totally exhausted.

Hence my deliberate use of the "term - transition" as opposed to
"Migration". There will still be entities on v4 for quite a while but if
they are expected to communicate, no doubt they will be all sorts of
tunnelling mechanisms etc. The question becomes interpretation of what is
"acceptable risk". For those who are dependent on consumers who rely on the
ability to communicate seamlessely whether these are e commerce platforms,
server farms, banks, airports etc this is something that each LIR will at
the end of the day have to assess based on what they perceive to be
demands. Yes there are mechanisms in place to test and authenticate whether
these demands are "artificial" or "legitimate" .

> At least not if some of the policy positions I see being promoted in the
> ARIN region are implemented!
> Yes, if and when that time comes, if someone belly up to your favourite
> RIR and asks for a **bank* *of addresses,  here's the likely response,
> "well, we ain't got that kind. But here's another kind works just as well
> if not better!  Machine you have might even be prepped for it, see.  But
> you might have to do a few little things to let her fly".  That
> conversation will not take place with a mom and pop operation, trust me.
> End user networks are not provisioned as the popular myth says.
> Troll the lists and you will see this is one topic I've studiously stayed
> away from.  Not because I don't understand the issues; I ran service
> provisioning businesses absolutely dependent on ready availability of IP
> addresses.  It is because I remain underwhelmed by the hype.
> The facts tend to the inconvenient.  To the hype, that is. So we are
> agreed to disagree, albeit agreeably.  Nope, the hype on this is over the
> top.  And for the life of me I can't figure out why.  In the Y2K storm I
> knew what it was; there were folks hellbent on picking some pockets.
> Maybe its because I am at a point where I've learned to distrust all
> revealed wisdom and orthodoxy.  So I might be the heretic here.  Oh well,
> if salvation comes......
> - Carlton
> ==============================
> Carlton A Samuels
> Mobile: 876-818-1799
> *Strategy, Planning, Governance, Assessment & Turnaround*
> =============================
> On Sat, Sep 15, 2012 at 2:21 PM, Salanieta T. Tamanikaiwaimaro <
> salanieta.tamanikaiwaimaro at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Snip the whole thing always brings me back to that Y2K jingle.
>> I would disagree and here's why.
>> *Demographics*
>> As I write this email, the world's population according to the Population
>> Reference Bureau is  7,087,683,026 as at 6:18am Sunday morning on 16th
>> September, 2012. The World Mortality Report of 2011 rates (produced by the
>> Department of  Economic Social Affairs by its Population division) shows
>> that over time the mortality rates have generally gone down although there
>> are still wide disparities in levels of mortality across regions. See:
>> http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/worldmortalityreport2011/World%20Mortality%20Report%202011.pdf
>> *End Users*
>> Whilst there are 7 billion people on the planet, the World Internet
>> Statistics (IWS) suggest that there are 2,267,233,742 internet users as at
>> December, 31, 2011. See: http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm.
>> These users distributed would be something like this:-
>> AFRALO region - 6.2%
>> APRALO region - 49%
>> EURALO region - 22.1%
>> LACRALO region - 10.4%
>> NARALO region - 12%
>> *Can current supply meet demand?*
>> As the push for Universal Service continues to grow as we have seen from
>> recent trends in ICT development, liberalisation of markets, competition,
>> it is generally expected that the end users will grow. There already is a
>> demand on Internet Address allocations based on consumption. The pull on
>> address spaces is also linked to "consumerism". The innovations in science
>> and technology have brought us smart phones, smart computers, smart
>> refrigerators, smart homes, smart cars means that there is a "level of
>> demand" coming from the globe on a "finite pool of resources". We see
>> trends where as Innovations increase eg. Applications (App) and a single
>> phone can have an average of 5 Apps. Internet Traffic is definitely
>> growing
>> because of many reasons, the desire to communicate, content driven
>> applications being some of the reasons. Whether it is an  entrepreneur
>> away
>> on a business trip can with a few strokes be able to check procurement of
>> goods, what's in the cash register etc or a Surgeon performing remote
>> tests
>> and/or surgery, one thing is certain, consumption of the Internet will
>> continue to grow.
>> So the issue becomes, can "Supply meet demand"? Maybe and only for a
>> little
>> while. There are Network Address Translators (NATs) that can only do so
>> much for a little while but all it is really at the end of the day is
>> buying time and waiting for the inevitable which is the pool of IPv4
>> resources will run out.
>> *The growth in global demand to communicate implies the need for
>> transition*
>> For as long as the assumption is true that internet usage will grow there
>> will be a strain on the address allocation. There are variables that
>> affect
>> demographics droughts, tsunamis, global food crisis, water scarcity,
>> climate change, migration, conflicts and wars that affect demographics but
>> a steward and in this case RIPE NCC will try to ensure that there is
>> sufficient preparation that existing resources are conserved within reason
>> and at the same time encourage transition.
>> The threat aside from running out of internet addresses on the IPv4 front
>> is the ability for Networks not to be able to communicate. The IPv4
>> Network
>> cannot communicate with the IPv6 and there are ways to address these where
>> network owners can elect to opt for which ever methods of transition suits
>> them.
>> Fortunately, the good news is that to be able to account for the current
>> and future demands on address space allocations, the IPv6 address
>> allocations were designed to enable seamless communication. So the only
>> challenge now is organising IPv4 to IPv6 transition. The key word is a
>> transition. As for end users there are many things that we can do as
>> ordinary end users to help prepare for the transition but that is for
>> another time.
>> Whilst some may say, that it's just vendors trying to sell their wares.
>> The
>> reality is that vendors will always try to sell their wares and you can
>> help keep them accountable by getting your region and network providers to
>> publish feedback on their wares See:
>> http://labs.ripe.net/Members/mirjam/ipv6-cpe-survey-updated-january-2011/?searchterm=None
>> Best Regards,
>> Sala
>> _______________________________________________
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Salanieta Tamanikaiwaimaro aka Sala
P.O. Box 17862

Twitter: @SalanietaT
Fiji Cell: +679 998 2851

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